Butter Jade "African Rhino" Shona Art Stone Sculpture, Handmade from Zimbabwe!
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Gorgeous butter jade stone sculpture of an African rhino from Zimbabwe. These pieces are hand sculpted using unsophisticated tools over many hours. The detail in these is tremendous. Zim. white rhino are protected species as their horns are actively sought today by poachers. This piece would make a terrific and exotic gift for someone special or on a bookshelf or a desk maybe.Polished to a high lustre again showing the true beauty of natural Butter Jade. The yellow green lines in Butter Jade are actually fossilized Algae and this stone is typically about 50 million years old. Read more below on howShona sculpture is unique to Zimbabwe where it originated. Even on a visit to Zimbabwe you will find it quite challenging to locate many Butter Jade sculptures. Weighs approx. 2.55 lbs. Please check the images for dimensions or contact me for specifics.Read more about Shona sculpture below and how it is unique to Zimbabwe.Thanks for looking and helping to support the artists.RhinocerosFrom Wikipedia: Rhinoceros, also known asrhino, is a group of fiveextantspecies ofodd-toed ungulatesin thefamilyRhinocerotidae. Two of these species are native toAfricaand three to southernAsia.The rhinoceros family is characterized by its large size (one of the largest remainingmegafauna), with all of the species able to reach onetonneor more in weight; anherbivorousdiet; a thick protective skin, 1.5â€“5cm thick, formed from layers ofcollagenpositioned in alatticestructure; relatively small brains for mammals this size (400â€“600g); and a large horn. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in theirhindgutallows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter, if necessary. Unlike otherperissodactyls, the African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their powerfulpremolarandmolarteeth to grind up plant food.Rhinoceros are killed by humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and which are used by some cultures for ornamental or (largely pseudo-scientific) medicinal purposes. The horns are made ofkeratin, the same type of protein that makes uphairandfingernails.Both African species and theSumatran Rhinoceroshave two horns, while the Indian andJavan Rhinoceroshave a single horn.TheIUCN Red Listidentifies three of the species as "critically endangered".Taxonomy and namingComparison between living rhinoceroses species.The wordrhinocerosis derived through Latin from theAncient Greek:á¿¥á¿‘Î½ÏŒÎºÎµÏ�Ï‰Ï‚, which is composed ofá¿¥á¿‘Î½Î¿-(rhino-, "nose") andÎºÎÏ�Î±Ï‚(keras, "horn"). The plural in English isrhinocerosorrhinoceroses. Thecollective nounfor a group of rhinoceroses iscrashorherd.The five living species fall into three categories. The two African species, theWhite Rhinocerosand theBlack Rhinoceros, diverged during the earlyPliocene(about 5 million years ago) but the Dicerotini group to which they belong originated in the middleMiocene, about 14.2 million years ago. The main difference between black and white rhinos is the shape of their mouths. White rhinos have broad flat lips for grazing and black rhinos have long pointed lips for eating foliage. A popular â€” if unverified â€” theory claims that the nameWhiteRhinoceros was actually a mistake, or rather a corruption of the wordwyd("wide" inAfrikaans), referring to their square lips.White Rhinoceros are divided into Northern and Southern subspecies. There are two living Rhinocerotini species, theIndian Rhinocerosand theJavan Rhinoceros, which diverged from one another about 10 million years ago. TheSumatran Rhinocerosis the only surviving representative of the most primitive group, the Dicerorhinini, which emerged in the Miocene (about 20 million years ago).The extinctWoolly Rhinocerosof northern Europe and Asia was also a member of this tribe.A subspecific hybrid white rhino (Ceratotherium s. simumÃ—C. s. cottoni) was bred at theDvÅ¯r KrÃ¡lovÃ© Zoo(Zoological Garden Dvur Kralove nad Labem) in theCzech Republicin 1977.Interspecific hybridisationof Black and White Rhinoceros has also been confirmed.All rhinoceros species have 82chromosomes(diploid number, 2N, per cell), except the Black Rhinoceros, which has 84.The fiveextantspeciesTheWhite Rhinocerosis actuallygrayTheBlack Rhinoceroshas a beak shaped lip and is similar in color to the White RhinocerosTheIndian Rhinoceroshas a single hornSmaller in size then the Indian Rhinoceros, theJavan Rhinocerosalso have a single hornTheSumatran rhinocerosis the smallest of the Rhino speciesWhite RhinocerosMain article:White RhinocerosThere are twosubspeciesof White Rhinos; as of 2005,South Africahas the most of the first subspecies, theSouthern White Rhinoceros(Ceratotherium simum simum). The population of Southern White Rhinos is about 14,500, making them the most abundant subspecies of rhino in the world. However, the population of the second subspecies, the critically endangeredNorthern White Rhinoceros(Ceratotherium simum cottoni), is down to as few as four individuals in the wild, and as of June 2008 this sub-species are thought to have become extinct in the wild.Six are known to be held in captivity, two of which reside in a zoo in San Diego. There are currently four that were in held in captivity since 1982 in a zoo in the Czech Republic which were transferred to a wildlife refuge in Kenya in December 2009, in an effort to have the animals reproduce and save the subspecies.The White Rhino has an immense body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. This rhino can exceed 3,500kg (7,700lb), have a head-and-body length of 3.5â€“4.6 m (11â€“15 ft) and a shoulder height of 1.8â€“2 m (5.9â€“6.6 ft). The record-sized White Rhinoceros was about 4,500kg (10,000lb).On its snout it has twohorns. The front horn is larger than the other horn and averages 90cm (35in) in length and can reach 150cm (59in). The White Rhinoceros also has a prominent muscular hump that supports its relatively large head. The colour of this animal can range from yellowish brown to slate grey. Most of its body hair is found on the ear fringes and tail bristles with the rest distributed rather sparsely over the rest of the body. White Rhinos have the distinctive flat broad mouth which is used for grazing.Black RhinocerosMain article:Black RhinocerosThe name Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) was chosen to distinguish this species from theWhite Rhinoceros(Ceratotherium simum). This can be confusing, as those two species are not really distinguishable by colour. There are four subspecies of black rhino: South-central (Diceros bicornis minor), the most numerous, which once ranged from centralTanzaniasouth throughZambia,ZimbabweandMozambiqueto northern and easternSouth Africa; South-western (Diceros bicornis bicornis) which are better adapted to the arid and semi-arid savannas ofNamibia, southernAngola, westernBotswanaand western South Africa; East African (Diceros bicornis michaeli), primarily inTanzania; and West African (Diceros bicornis longipes) which was tentatively declared extinct in 2006.An adult Black Rhinoceros stands 150â€“175 cm (59â€“69 in) high at the shoulder and is 3.5â€“3.9 m (11â€“13 ft) in length.An adult weighs from 850 to 1,600 kg (1,900 to 3,500 lb), exceptionally to 1,800kg (4,000lb), with the females being smaller than the males. Twohornson the skull are made ofkeratinwith the larger front horn typically 50cm long, exceptionally up to 140cm. Sometimes, a third smaller horn may develop. The Black Rhino is much smaller than theWhite Rhino, and has a pointed mouth, which they use to grasp leaves and twigs when feeding.During the latter half of the 20th century their numbers were severely reduced from an estimated 70,000in the late 1960s to only 2,410 in 1995.Indian RhinocerosMain article:Indian RhinocerosThe Indian Rhinoceros or the Greater One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is now found almost exclusively inNepaland North-EasternIndia. The rhino once inhabited many areas ofPakistantoBurmaand may have even roamed inChina. But because of human influence their range has shrunk and now they only exist in several protected areas ofIndia(inAssam,West Bengal,Gujaratand a few pairs inUttar Pradesh) andNepal, plus a few pairs inLal Suhanranational park in Pakistan. It is confined to the tallgrasslandsandforestsin the foothills of theHimalayas.The Indian Rhinoceros has thick, silver-brown skin which creates huge folds all over its body. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered inwart-like bumps, and it has very little body hair. Fully grown males are larger than females in the wild, weighing from 2,500â€“3,200 kg (5,500â€“7,100 lb).The Indian rhino stands at 1.75â€“2.0 metres (5.75â€“6.5ft). Female Indian rhinos weigh about 1,900kg and are 3â€“4 metres long. The record-sized specimen of this rhino was approximately 3,800kg. The Indian Rhino has a singlehornthat reaches a length of between 20 and 100cm. Its size is comparable to that of the White Rhino in Africa.Two-thirds of the world'sGreater One-horned Rhinocerosesare now confined to theKaziranga National Parksituated in theGolaghat districtofAssam, India.Javan RhinocerosMain article:Javan RhinocerosThe Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is one of the rarest and most endangered largemammalsanywhere in the world.According to 2002 estimates, only about 60 remain, in Java (Indonesia) andVietnam. Of all the rhino species, the least is known of the Javan Rhino. These animals prefer dense lowland rain forest, tall grass and reed beds that are plentiful with large floodplains and mud wallows. Though once widespread throughout Asia, by the 1930s the rhinoceros was nearly hunted to extinction inIndia,Burma,Peninsular Malaysia, andSumatrafor the supposed medical powers of its horn and blood.
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Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015 23:58:36 PDT
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