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Acacia Wood Bushman Shona Art Carving Handmade in Zimbabwe!

Acacia Wood Bushman Shona Art Carving Handmade in Zimbabwe!

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Acacia Wood Bushman Shona Art Carving Handmade in Zimbabwe!Product DescriptionA Traditional Bushman hand carved from Acacia wood by hand in Zimbabwe. This is a gorgeous piece with fantastic attention to detail. This could be a great conversation piece by a fireplace possibly or on a pedestal, table or bookshelf. Measures about 17.5 inches inches high and 5 inches across. Weighs 3lbs 11oz. Thanks for looking.BushmenFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThe SanBushmen Village,Namibia, 2005Total population90,000Regions with significant populationsBotswana(55,000),Namibia(27,000),South Africa(10,000),Angola(<5,000)LanguagesvariousKhoisan languagesReligionSan ReligionRelated ethnic groupsKhoikhoi,Xhosa,Basters,GriquaThe indigenous people of Southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas ofSouth Africa,Zimbabwe,Lesotho,Mozambique,Swaziland,Botswana,Namibia, andAngola, are variously referred to asBushmen,San,Sho,Barwa,Kung, orKhwe. The wordBushmenis sometimes associated with a negative meaning, and they prefer to be called theSanpeople.[dubious–discuss]These people were traditionallyhunter-gatherers, part of theKhoisangroup and are related to the traditionally pastoralKhoikhoi. Starting in the 1950s, and lasting through the 1990s, they switched to farming as a result of government-mandated modernization programs as well as the increased risks of a hunting and gathering lifestyle in the face of technological development. There is a significant linguistic difference between the northern Bushmen living betweenOkavango(Botswana) andEtosha(Namibia), extending into southern Angola on the one hand and the southern group in the centralKalaharitowards theMolopo, who are the last remnant of the previously extensiveindigenousSan of South Africa.The San have provided a wealth of information for the fields ofanthropologyandgenetics, even as their lifestyles change. One broad study of African genetic diversity completed in 2009 found the San people were among the five populations with the highest measured levels of genetic diversity among the 121 distinct African populations sampled.[1][2]The San are one of 14 known extant "ancestral population clusters" (from which all known modern humans evolved).SocietyThis articleneeds additionalcitationsforverification.Please helpimprove this articleby adding citations toreliable sources. Unsourced material may bechallengedandremoved.(September 2009)Further information:Healing practices of the BushmenandRock art of the BushmenA San manRock paintingsfrom theWestern CapeThe Bushmankinship systemreflects their interdependence as traditionally small mobile foraging bands. The kinship system is also comparable to theeskimo kinshipsystem, with the same set of terms as in Western countries, but also employing a name rule and an age rule. The age rule resolves any confusion arising from kinship terms, as the older of two people always decides what to call the younger. Relatively few names circulate (approximately only 35 names per gender), and each child is named after a grandparent or another relative.Children have no social duties besides playing, and leisure is very important to Bushmen of all ages. Large amounts of time are spent in conversation, joking, music, and sacred dances. Women have a high status in the San society, are greatly respected, and may be leaders of their own family groups. They make important family and group decisions and claim ownership of water holes and foraging areas. Women are mainly involved in the gathering of food, but may also take part in hunting.The most important thing in the lives of the San people is water. Droughts can last for many months and waterholes may dry up. When this happens, they use sip wells. To get water this way, a San will scrape a deep hole where the sand is damp. Into this hole will be put a long hollow grass stem. An empty ostrich egg is used to collect the water. Water is sucked into the straw from the sand, into the mouth, and then travels down another straw into the ostrich egg.Traditionally, the San were an egalitarian society.[13]Although they did have hereditary chiefs, the chiefs' authority was limited. The bushmen instead made decisions among themselves byconsensus,[14]with women treated as relatively equal.[15]In addition, the San economy was agift economy, based on giving each other gifts on a regular basis rather than on trading or purchasing goods and services.[16][edit]SubsistenceStarting fire by handVillages range in sturdiness from nightly rain shelters in the warm spring (when people move constantly in search of budding greens), to formalized rings, wherein people congregate in the dry season around permanent waterholes. Early spring is the hardest season: a hot dry period following the cool, dry winter. Most plants are still dead or dormant, and supplies of autumn nuts are exhausted. Meat is particularly important in the dry months when wildlife can't range far from the receding waters.Bushmen women gather fruit, berries, tubers, bush onions, and other plant materials for the band's consumption. The eggs ofostrichesare gathered, and the empty shells are used as water containers. In addition to plants, insects furnish perhaps ten percent of animal proteins consumed, most often during the dry season.[17]Depending on location, the Bushmen consume 18 to 104 species including grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, moths, butterflies, and termites.[18]Preparing poison arrowsThe women's traditional gathering gear is simple and effective: A hide sling, a blanket, a cloak called akarossto carry foodstuffs, firewood, smaller bags, a digging stick, and perhaps a smaller version of the kaross to carry a baby.Bushmen men traditionally hunted using poisonarrowsandspearsin laborious, long excursions.Kudu,antelope,deer,dikdik, andbuffalowere important game animals. The Bushmen offered thanks to the animal's spirit after it had been killed. The liver was eaten only by men and hunters, because it was thought to contain a poison unsafe for women.In the 1990s, a portion of the population switched to livestock farming as a result of government-mandated modernization programs, as well as the increased risks of a hunting and gathering lifestyle in the face of technological development.[vague][edit]Early history1000- to 2000-year-old San-paintings nearMurewaZimbabweHistorical evidence shows that certain Bushmen communities have always lived in the desert regions of the Kalahari. But nearly all of the Bushmen communities in southern Africa were eventually forced into this region. The Kalahari Bushmen remained in poverty where their richer neighbours denied them rights to the land. Before long, in both Botswana and Namibia, they found their territory drastically reduced.[19][edit]Genetic traitsVarious Y-chromosome studies[20][21][22]demonstrated that the San carry some of the most divergent (oldest)Y-chromosome haplogroups. These haplogroups are specific sub-groups of haplogroups A and B, the two earliest branches on the human Y-chromosome tree.Mitochondrial DNA studies also showed evidence that the San people carry high frequencies of the earliest haplogroup branches in the human mitochondrial DNA tree. The most divergent (oldest) mitochondrial haplogroup,L0d, has been identified at its highest frequencies in the southern African San groups.[23][20][24][25]In a study published in March 2011, Brenna Henn and colleagues found that the ǂKhomani Bushmen, as well as theSandaweandHadza peoplesof Tanzania, were the most genetically diverse of any living humans studied. This high degree of genetic diversity indicates that Southern Africa is the origin ofanatomically modern humans.[26][27][edit]NeotenyAshley Montagunoted that Bushmen have the followingneotenoustraits relative toCaucasoids: large brain, light skin pigment, less hairy, round-headed, bulging forehead, small cranial sinuses, flat roof of the nose, small face, small mastoid processes, wide eye separation, median eye fold, short stature and horizontal penis.[28]Shona ArtFrom Wikipedia:Shona artis contemporary stone sculpture fromZimbabwe. African stone sculpture is not traditional, although much of its subject matter has traditional roots. The art movement began around 1956 and was initiated byFrank McEwenwho at the time was the Director of The National Gallery of Rhodesia.During its early years of growth, it was described as an art renaissance, an art phenomenon and a miracle. Critics and collectors could not understand how an art genre had developed with such vigour, spontaneity and originality in an area of Africa which had none of the great sculptural heritage of West Africa and had previously been described in terms of the visual arts as artistically barren.Fifteen years of sanctions against the country obscured works from the Western world (apart from highly acclaimed exhibitions organised by Frank Mc Ewen in major museums such as Musee dArt Moderne, Paris; Musee Rodin, Paris; and the Institute of Contemporary Art, London). Yet these years also witnessed the honing of technical skills, the deepening of expressive power, the use of harder and different stones and the creation of many outstanding works.Since independence in 1980, the sculpture has been exhibited in the art capitals of the world and great acclaim has been accrued to the artists and the art form.In spite of the increasing demand, as yet little commercialisation has occurred. The most dedicated of artists display a high degree of integrity, never copying and still working entirely by hand, with spontaneity and a confidence in their skills, unrestricted by tedious drawings or measuring.The sculpture speaks of fundamental human experiences - experiences such as grief, elation, humour, anxiety and spiritual search - and has always managed to communicate these in a profoundly simple and direct way that is both rare and extremely refreshing. The artist 'works' together with his stone and it is believed that 'nothing which exists
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